Current research present that sure injectable diabetes medication can assist with weight reduction along with blood sugar administration. Together with weight loss plan and train, they might assist an individual with sort 2 diabetes preserve weight reduction. Though medication similar to semaglutide (Ozempic) and liraglutide (Saxenda) have gained reputation on-line, they’re designed for individuals with weight problems or obese and extra weight-related comorbidities similar to sort 2 diabetes or hypertension. The producers didn’t create them for common use. These medicines work by mimicking intestine peptides, which assist regulate an individual’s blood sugar. Analysis has discovered that, along side wholesome life-style habits, these medicines can assist individuals lose important weight or preserve weight reduction. Nevertheless, these medication do have doable unwanted effects. Earlier than beginning to take one among these medicines, you will need to weigh the advantages in opposition to the potential unwanted effects and different dangers. Learn on to study completely different diabetes medication for weight reduction, how they work, unwanted effects, advantages, and extra.

Diabetes medicines that help weight reduction Share on Pinterest Santi Nuñez/Stocksy Injectable diabetes medication for weight reduction mimic the intestine peptides that assist regulate blood sugar. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are each incretin hormones, or intestine peptides. They’re concerned in blood sugar administration. Incretin hormones trigger the physique to provide extra insulin when an individual consumes sugar orally than when an individual receives glucose via an IV. That is known as the incretin impact. In individuals with sort 2 diabetes, the incretin impact is both decreased or absent. That’s when GLP-1 receptor agonists and GIP receptor agonists can step in to handle blood sugar and, as latest research have proven, assist with weight reduction. The Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted a small handful of GLP-1 receptor agonists and GIP receptor agonists for weight reduction in individuals who have weight problems or who’ve obese and one other weight-related well being situation. This class consists of the next medicines: Semaglutide (Wegovy, Ozempic) Semaglutide is a GLP-1 receptor agonist out there as an injectable liquid resolution underneath the model names Ozempic and Wegovy. These are each FDA-approved remedies for persistent weight administration that are available once-weekly, pre-filled single-dose subcutaneous injection pens. Ozempic is out there within the following strengths: 2 milligrams of semaglutide in 1.5 milliliters of resolution (2 mg/1.5 mL)

4 mg/3 mL

8 mg/3 mL Wegovy is out there within the following strengths: 0.25 mg/0.5 mL

0.5 mg/0.5 mL

1 mg/0.5 mL

1.7 mg/0.75 mL

2.4 mg/0.75 mL Tirzepatide (Mounjaro) Tirzepatide is a GIP receptor agonist that prompts each the GLP-1 and GIP receptors to enhance blood sugar regulation. This twin impact could make tirzepatide more practical than different injectable diabetes medicines. It’s out there as an injectable liquid resolution underneath the model title Mounjaro. At present, Mounjaro is FDA-approved for managing blood sugar ranges in adults with sort 2 diabetes. Nevertheless, due to the drug’s potential as a weight reduction help, in October 2022 the FDA granted Eli Lilly and Firm the Quick Observe designation to analyze tirzepatide as a remedy for weight problems or obese in adults. Mounjaro is a weekly injection with pre-filled single-dose pens out there within the following strengths: 2.5 mg/0.5 mL

5 mg/0.5 mL

7.5 mg/0.5 mL

10 mg/0.5 mL

12.5 mg/0.5 mL

15 mg/0.5 mL Liraglutide (Saxenda) Like semaglutide, liraglutide is a GLP-1 receptor agonist. It’s out there as an injectable liquid resolution underneath the model names Saxenda and Victoza. Nevertheless, solely Saxenda has FDA approval as a weight reduction help. Healthcare professionals prescribe Victoza to handle blood sugar ranges and cut back the chance of cardiovascular situations similar to coronary heart assault and stroke. Saxenda is a day by day injection with pre-filled single-use pens containing 18 mg of liraglutide in 3 mL of resolution. Be taught extra about Saxenda vs. Victoza.

Advantages These injectable diabetes medication could assist an individual shed pounds when weight loss plan adjustments and train should not sufficient. They could assist somebody shed pounds quicker and hold it off longer. For instance, a 2021 medical trial discovered that the usage of 2.4 mg of semaglutide as soon as per week together with weight loss plan and train had an affiliation with important, sustained weight reduction. By week 68, contributors within the semaglutide group had misplaced 14.9% of their beginning physique weight — a lot increased than the two.4% loss within the placebo group. A 2022 medical trial involving tirzepatide as soon as weekly confirmed comparable outcomes. At week 72, contributors who had been taking 5 mg, 10 mg, or 15 mg of tirzepatide day by day recorded a 15%, 19.5%, and 20.9% lower in physique weight, respectively. Whereas these outcomes are important, you will need to notice that these had been long-term research pairing remedy with life-style methods such asdiet and train. The remedy alone can not present short-term, wholesome weight reduction.

Dangers and unwanted effects A number of the most typical unwanted effects of those medicines are: decreased urge for food


stomach ache




diarrhea Attainable severe dangers and unwanted effects embody: severe allergic reactions

low blood sugar

diabetic retinopathy issues

extreme abdomen, gallbladder, or kidney issues

irritation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) Rodent research have additionally proven that semaglutide, tirzepatide, and liraglutide may cause thyroid C-cell tumors. Well being specialists don’t but know whether or not these injectable diabetes medication may cause tumors in people, however you will need to perceive the chance. All of those medicines have FDA boxed warnings . Producers usually warn in opposition to utilizing these medication if an individual has a private or household historical past of: medullary thyroid carcinoma, a kind of thyroid most cancers

a number of endocrine neoplasia syndrome sort 2 (MEN 2), an endocrine system situation Be taught extra in regards to the unwanted effects of semaglutide (Ozempic). Professional perception “Solely two anti-diabetic medicines are FDA-approved for weight administration in individuals who would not have diabetes: Semaglutide (Wegovy) and Liraglutide (Saxenda). Ozempic and Rybelsus are two different manufacturers of Semaglutide in the marketplace which are accepted by the FDA for glycemic management in diabetes however not for weight administration. Ozempic is just prescribed to sort 2 diabetic sufferers for the only goal of glycemic management. Due to the elevated danger of adversarial reactions, it’s not beneficial to be used within the absence of diabetes. This remedy’s security profile has not been studied in sufferers underneath the age of 18, pregnant and lactating individuals, or these with regular BMIs.” — Kimberly Langdon, MD

Who ought to and shouldn’t take them? Injectable diabetes medication for weight reduction are supposed for individuals who both have weight problems or have obese and one other weight-related medical situation. Healthcare professionals could classify an individual as having weight problems or obese based mostly on physique mass index (BMI), a measurement of weight in relation to peak. For adults, the World Well being Group (WHO) defines obese as a BMI of 25 or increased and weight problems as a BMI of 30 or increased. Weight-related medical situations embody: sort 2 diabetes

hypertension (hypertension)

excessive LDL (“unhealthy”) or low HDL (“good”) ldl cholesterol

coronary coronary heart illness

stroke Thus, the perfect candidate for these medicines is an individual who has weight problems or has obese and a medical situation similar to sort 2 diabetes or hypertension. Some medical doctors could prescribe injectable diabetes medication for weight reduction if an individual has obese or weight problems and has indications of prediabetes. Producers didn’t design these medication to be used in in any other case wholesome individuals who solely need to shed pounds. Regardless of their reputation on social media, these medicines carry important dangers and will be dangerous to individuals who don’t want them. Moreover, it’s not advisable for individuals to make use of injectable diabetes medication for weight reduction in the event that they: are pregnant or could grow to be pregnant, are nursing, or are planning on nursing

have a private or household historical past of thyroid most cancers

have a private historical past of MEN 2 Professional perception “Ozempic helps regulate blood glucose by stimulating the pancreas to launch extra insulin when blood glucose ranges are elevated. This may trigger extreme hypoglycemia (low blood sugar ranges) in individuals who would not have diabetes, necessitating fast medical consideration. Different severe unwanted effects embody pancreatitis (pancreatic irritation), the event of thyroid tumors, and gallbladder issues.” — Kimberly Langdon, MD